How to set up an active directory

Preparing Your Environment #

Before deploying an Active Directory domain controller, it is important to prepare the environment. This includes assessing hardware requirements, assigning static IP addresses, and configuring DNS.

  • Assess hardware requirements: The hardware requirements for an Active Directory vary depending on the size and usage of the environment it is deployed in.
  • Assign static IP addresses: It is important to assign static IP addresses to each server that is used in an Active Directory domain.
  • Configure DNS server: Configure a DNS server prior to deploying an Active Directory domain controller. This will ensure that the domain controller can be easily found by clients trying to authenticate to the domain.

Deploying a Domain Controller #

After the environment is properly prepared, the next step is to deploy the domain controller.

  • Install Domain Controller: Use the installation wizard to install a domain controller in the environment.
  • Configure Active Directory: Configure the Active Directory forest and domain using the Active Directory Domains and Trusts tool.
  • Configure Replication: Set up both inter-site and intra-site replication so that domain controllers remain in sync with one another.

Securing the Domain #

After the domain controller is deployed, it is important to secure the domain. This includes creating user and computer accounts, enabling auditing and logging, and setting permissions.

  • Create user and computer accounts: Create user and computer accounts with strong passwords for all users and computers in the domain.
  • Enable auditing and logging: Enable both user and resource auditing and logging to ensure the security of the domain.
  • Set permissions: Set the appropriate permissions for each user and computer account to protect sensitive data in the domain.