What is a active directory

Active Directory is a directory service created by Microsoft that stores information about objects in a network. It is a centralized, hierarchical database that stores user and group information, users’ permissions and credentials, and network resources such as printers and shared folders. Active Directory enables network administrators to manage network security and user access to network resources.

Core Components of Active Directory #

Active Directory has three core components, which are: Domain, Forest, and Schema. The Domain component is a logical collection of objects that share the same policies and user access privileges. The Forest component is a collection of separate, yet connected Domains that share their resources and host user accounts. The Schema component defines the class types that will be stored in the Active Directory.

Benefits of Active Directory #

The single most important benefit of Active Directory is that it makes it easy to manage user identities, authentication and access to network resources in a consistent manner. Active Directory also provides robust security, meaning it is easier to secure user accounts and data, and relatively easy to track user activities. Finally, Active Directory simplifies the process of creating and managing permissions and access rights.